Canon Law requires the existence of a Marriage Tribunal in every Diocese in the World. It is the Ecclesial Court which offers assistance to those who request that the Church study their marriage in order to determine if their marriage was lacking (from back to the time of consent) any essential (s) required for a valid marriage.
A Decree of Invalidity of a previous marriage must be proven before a marriage in the Catholic Church is permitted.
Every marriage is considered Valid until proven otherwise, by the Tribunal Judges, after much Testimony, Witnesses, Documents, and sometimes Professional Evaluations, etc.
As marriage is a Sacrament and life binding, it can be a long process and take much time to determine if it is invalid. A Civil Divorce does not invalidate a marriage.
There are different grounds for a Decree of Invalidity. Each marriage case is different and confidential and no one should judge another person’s marriage who has received a Decree of Invalidity because the public does not know all the facts.
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